Daily Archives: January 21, 2018

Study on the unexplainable medical diagnosis kleptomania

From a young age, we are trained to play nice, tell others, and not take possessions that don’t belong to ourselves. As we grow older, we learn self-control, getting our keep, and guard our valuables from others. However, for a few the moralistic guidelines, dread, embarrassment and guilt aren’t enough to prevent stealing from occurring daily.

The news is continually broadcasting crimes of shoplifting, burglary, larceny, identify theft, robbery, and also plagiarism. These acts are deliberate, whether spontaneous or organized, that involve taking something for personal or profit (Taylor, Kelly, Valescu, Reynolds, Sherman, & German, 2001). Although these crimes are easily understood and rather common, a different type of stealing, kleptomania, presents an entirely different perspective.

Some individuals utilize the terms kleptomania and shoplifting synonymously. The National Association of Shoplifting Prevention found that one in every eleven adult possess shoplifted at least one time in their lifetime. In addition they found that more than thirteen billion dollars worthy of of products are stolen from retailers in the United States each year (Grant, Odalaug, Davis, Kim, 2009). Roughly 0-8% of all shoplifters possess kleptomania (Dannon, 2002). Although they share common characteristics, kleptomania is a more relentless and atypical disorder.

Around for over two centuries, kleptomania is a distinct psychiatric disorder yet it is always poorly understood and unrecognizable to many clinicians. It is believed to affect just .06 percent of the populace. Although little is well known about this disorder, kleptomania is a significant disorder, which causes functional impairment. It really is remarkably correlated with psychiatric hospitalizations and suicidal ideations (Grant & Kim, 2003).

Similar to other styles of stealing, kleptomania can be an impulse control disorder. Individuals with this mental disorder cannot resist urges to engage in activities that could be bad for themselves or others. The manifestation of kleptomania can occur across all age ranges, but the mean onset is twenty years old (Dannon, 2002). It is different from other styles of stealing for the reason that these individuals do not steal for personal or monetary gain, but rather for leisure (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006).

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV, "Kleptomania may be the recurrent failure to withstand impulses to steal things despite the fact that the items aren’t necessary for personal use or for their monetary value. To be diagnosed the next five diagnostic criteria must be met: a rising pressure immediately prior to the theft, pleasure or pain relief after committing the theft, the theft isn’t motivated by anger or vengeance, or the effect of a delusion or hallucination, and the patterns is not better accounted for by a conduct disorder, manic instance, or antisocial character disorder. The items are stolen even though they are usually of little value to the average person, who could own afforded to pay for them and frequently throws them aside or discards them (American Psychiatric Association, 2000)."

Kleptomania is thought to affect two to three times more women and be linked to menstruation and premenstration periods (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006). It commonly coexists with depression, stress, mood, chemical dependency, and ingesting disorders. Kleptomania can also coexist with major despair, panic attacks, interpersonal phobia, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, drug abuse, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006).

Kleptomania is linked with continual failed attempts to stop stealing. It could be specific to certain items or settings. It is a solo act, where no collaboration is performed with others. The individual may steal from general public places, stores, supermarkets, or from relatives and buddies members. The items they steal routinely have no value to them. They often times secretly

donate, hand out, or return the things they steal (Kleptomania, 2009).

Alike to other analyses, experts Grant and Kim found that most people with kleptomania steal household merchandise followed by groceries. Ironically, the least likely items they happen to be to steal are books and music. Nearly all participants reported stress and anxiety as being the cause of their stealing and sights and sounds as their least very likely trigger. The large most these individuals claimed they resist the urge of stealing by thinking about getting caught. The least amount of individuals admitted that browsing when stores are active prevents them from resisting their urges to steal (Grant & Kim, 2002).

Although little is known about the etiology of kleptomania, various researchers believe it has a genetic component which may be transmitted among relatives (Grant & Kim, 2002). Some researchers believe it may be linked to the item of serotonin in the brain (Dannon, 2002). Others believe the onset is connected with brain trauma, frontal lobe damage, dementia, and hypoglycemia (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006). Symptoms of kleptomania quite often originate between overdue adolescence and early on adulthood. In rare circumstances, it can begin as soon as childhood or as overdue as adulthood (Kleptomania, 2009).

Risk factors play a substantial purpose in the progression of kleptomania. Individuals which may have blood family members with kleptomania, mood disorders, addictions, obsessive compulsive disorder, or excessive existence stressors are at a significant risk for developing kleptomania (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006). The preceding research provide added support.

Grant and Kim performed a study in 2002 to look at the how to write a tok essay: tips similarities of the starting point and family history of kleptomania. Grant found that the participants reported an average onset of sixteen years. Even so, most individuals were not diagnosed with their disorder until approximately six years from starting point and symptoms were discovered to last twenty-one years typically. The study discovered that the sole predictor of producing kleptomania in one year of starting point was a family record of prior psychiatric disease. Nevertheless, little is well known about the biological facet of kleptomania; accordingly, it warrants further analysis (Grant & Kim, 2002).

A second study predicated on gender related distinctions in individuals trying to find treatment for kleptomania offers you further analysis. The analysis found that both men and women identified as having kleptomania have relatively serious symptoms and functional impairments. In fact, people with kleptomania had three times greater symptoms than those reported in pathological gambling, twice of these found in individuals with post traumatic strain disorder, and one and a half times those reported in drug abuse disorders. The intensity of the www.testmyprep.com symptoms were comparable to those who are diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder and main depressive disorders (Grant & Potenza, 2008).

The study went on to find that ladies with kleptomania were much more likely to be married (47.1%), start shoplifting at a later on age (20.9 years older), have comorbid disorders of unhappiness (55.6%), steal house-hold merchandise from shops (60.35), and hoard things they stole (50%). Fewer men were found to be married (25.9%), and their starting point of stealing occurred previous (14 years old). Men reported having even more comorbid impulse-control disorders (51.9%), stealing from electronic-goods stores (48.1%), and giving things away (40.7%). Lastly, girls rated the view of something (38.2%) as their trigger for stealing, while men rated anxiety/stress (37.0%) as their top rated motive for stealing. The lowest rated trigger for both men and women was low self-esteem (Grant & Potenza, 2008).

A third research, which centered on one’s perception of symptoms, provides additional investigation on the features of kleptomania. There is no question an individual with kleptomania activities urges to steal and shame thereafter. On the other hand, this review found a correlation between your intensity of symptoms and perceived pressure. The more powerful and plentiful the symptoms will be, the more kleptomaniacs’ are to view their lives as erratic and unmanageable. The sooner treatment emerges to individuals with kleptomania, the much less their perceived stress and anxiety will be. As a result of reducing their perceived anxiety, they will reduce using the stress in their lives and live healthier lifestyles (Grant, Kim & Grosz, 2003).

Although only .06 percent of the populace is reported to have kleptomania, it is regarded as under reported (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006; Kohn, 2006). Grant performed a study that identified rates as huge at 7.8 percent (Grant & Kim, 2002). People with kleptomania experience various symptoms that are unique to themselves. After recognizing the symptoms, individuals with kleptomania should identify why they are participating in these risky behaviors.

Why individuals steal is founded on a number of objectives and motives. Young children steal products because they lack a knowledge. They cannot comprehend that things cost money and in order to receive items they need to pay for them. As they approach school age, children are taught correct versus wrong and that they should not take things that usually do not belong to themselves. As kids approach adolescents, they should fully understand they cannot take issues without asking authorization or spending money on the items. At the idea of adolescents and adulthood, individuals know stealing is wrong, yet many still engage in this criminal behavior. Peer pressure, modeling, personal difficulties, a lack of self-control, trying to experience a void, suppress various other tribulations or defiance could all be functions of stealing (Tynan, 2008)

The function of kleptomania is unique from all other forms of stealing. Individuals with this disorder steal, not really for personal or monetary gain, but rather for the thrill. They are typically financially well off and see no worth in the things they are acquiring (Kleptomania, 2009).

Self-report measures can be a useful technique to determine the antecedents and consequences of the behavior and the correlations with different disorders. The Beck Melancholy Inventory-II and the Beck Stress and anxiety Inventory might help identify the harshness of each co-morbid disorder. Clinical discussions and evaluations about the Abstinence Violation Effect may possibly also help in identifying a person’s perception of the increased loss of control over their behaviors (Kohn, 2006).

Even though these specific steal for the excitement, they experience many legal repercussions (Grant, Odalaug, Davis, Kim, 2009). Alike to stealing, kleptomaniacs are aware stealing is incorrect and senseless. They often do not look at the repercussions of the criminal offense before committing it unless there will be immediate possibilities of arrest. Before the initial work they feel tension and dread being apprehended. Through the crime, they think gratitude and pleasure. Following a crime they experience feelings of guilt, shame, and depression (Kleptomania, 2009). The next studies offer further support.

Out of the one hundred and one adults with kleptomania studied, 74% reported being halted by store protection on at least one event, 69% reported getting arrested, 37% reported getting arrested but not convicted, and 21% of the participants reported being convicted with incarceration after their conviction. The rest of the 27% of the participants reported these were never stopped by retailer protection or arrested (Grant, Odalaug, Davis, Kim, 2009). The effects indicate the kleptomania is usually a pathological tendencies that results in significant legal repercussions, personal distress, and functional impairment (Grant, Kim, McCabe, 2006).

A second study discovered that 64%-87% of people with kleptomania have already been arrested at some point in their life. It went on to mention that those who have kleptomania have quite often been arrested multiple circumstances, with some reporting over 10 life-time arrest. They found that 15-23% of individuals seeking treatment have put in time in jail as a result of shoplifting (Grant & Kim, 2002).

Since arrest and incarceration will take an emotional toll on these individuals, clinicians have to place a significant emphasis on behavioral and emotional outcomes (Grant, Odalaug, Davis, Kim, 2009). Shoplifting most commonly begins in overdue adolescence or early on adulthood, and for a lot of people with kleptomania, it would appear that it may take several years to meet the DSM-IV conditions for kleptomania (Grant, Odalaug, Davis, Kim, 2009). Subsequently, early recognition and prevention efforts for individuals who are captured shoplifting may avoid the development of kleptomania.

Given that people who have kleptomania rarely seek

medical assistantance, this disorder is normally difficult to diagnose. Physical and emotional evaluations are performed to make certain nothing is physically wrong with the average person creating the triggering of symptoms. Preliminary mental evaluations may detect signs or symptoms of poor parenting, conflicts in interactions, or severe stressors (Kleptomania, 2009). It is difficult for medical doctors to identify kleptomania because they may have habits of stealing restricted to specific objects and/or events. When kleptomania is usually diagnosed it commonly occurs when persons seek treatment for additional disorders such as for example: depression, bulimia, emotional instability, or dysphoria (Grant & Kim, 2002).

Since there is no specific test to determine if an individual has kleptomania or certainly not, a set of questions and conditions are implemented to evaluate the responses of the individual. First, the individual would be asked problems regarding their medical history to see if they have any other diagnosis. Next their family history, consumption of alcohol and drugs, and current medications would be evaluated. Subsequently, they might be asked considerably more personal questions. Common questions asked determine at what time the first connection with stealing occurred, how often the thoughts occur, have they ever been caught, what forms of things do they steal, do they need these items, who perform they steal from, and what carry out they do with the things they steal. Additional inquiries may revolve around the triggers that urge them to steal and how stealing impacts the areas of their existence (Kleptomania, 2009).

After a clinician assesses the physical and mental analysis and clinical interview, they would do a comparison of their client’s responses compared to that of the DSM-IV. As mentioned, to become diagnosed with kleptomania, a person must possess the next symptoms: an inability to withstand urges to steal objects that are not necessary for personal or monetary gain, the feelings of increased tension leading up to a meeting, the feelings of comfort and gratification proceeding the theft, not committed because of revenge or anger, not really performed during hallucinations or delusions, rather than related to manic episodes, bipolar disorder, or other mental well being disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). To become diagnosed as having kleptomania, the individual must meet all the criteria.

Currently, psychiatrists are using the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID) to identify individuals with kleptomania. This is a trusted diagnostic instrument, but it lacks certain assessments to successfully identify all cases of kleptomania. So, Grant, Kim, and McCabe designed a comparable Organized Clinical Interview for Kleptomania (SCI-K). During their study, 112 people with multiple disorders, trying to find psychiatric outpatient therapy, were administered the interview. The SCI-K took typically twenty minutes to manage and was well received by all the participants. Therefore, the Structured Clinical Interview for Kleptomania was identified to have excellent reliability and validity in diagnosing kleptomania in these individuals. Although this study must be replicated with a larger and more diverse population, it shows many promise (Grant, Kim, and McCabe, 2006). Based on the results of the study and future studies to come, kleptomania may 1 day be simpler to distinguish and treat.

Once the disorder can be evaluated and verified by a clinician, treatment and coping strategies are implemented. Although treatment is necessary for folks with kleptomania, most fail to obtain treatment and the pharmacological treatment is limited due to the lack of handled trials (Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006). Consequently, psychiatrists have little scientific data which to base their recommendations.

Although there happen to be few analyses and limited research, there are always a plethora of medications and therapies used to help individuals with mental health disorders. The five most common types of medications are antidepressants, disposition stabilizers, benzodiazepines, anti-seizure, and addiction medication.

Antidepressants are the most frequent kind of medication used to take care of kleptomania (Kleptomania, 2009; Dannon, 2002; Dannon, Aizer, & Lowengrub, 2006). They consist of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors that help to decrease impulses to steal. These medications are also found to efficiently treat different impulse control disorders such as trichotillomania, pathological gambling, binge-eating, and compulsive investing in (Dannon, 2002). Antidepressant prescription drugs incorporate: fluoxetine, fluoxamine, paroxetine, naltrexone and (Kleptomania, 2009).

Fluoxetine has got been cited by many studies as being the most appropriate to treat the symptoms connected with kleptomania. Fluvoxamine was the second most successful medicine in treating symptoms associated with impulse-control disorders when psychodynamic and therapy failed. When found in combination with other medications for typically three months, paroxetine was found effective in lowering urges to steal. Lastly, naltrexone, the most recent drug tested, was found to lessen linked symptoms of kleptomania when used in combination with paroxetine (Dannon, 2002).

Mood stabilizers will be the second type of medication that could be useful in treating kleptomania. The roles of these medications are to balance out mood to ensure that stealing isn’t triggered. The most frequent mood stabilizer used to take care of kleptomania can be lithium (Kleptomaniam 2009).

Following, Benzodiazepines are used to control the central nervous program. Their effectiveness varies, but caution must be taken for these medicines can be quite habit forming if used high doses or over a long period of time. These tranquilizer type medicines contain clonazepam and alprazolam (Kleptomania, 2009).

The fourth band of medication used to take care of kleptomania is anti-seizure prescription drugs. This kind of medication isn’t only used to treat seizures, but have also been found to benefit certain mental wellbeing disorders. Anti-seizure medications consist of topiramate and valproic acid (Kleptomania, 2009).

Lastly, addiction medications are being used to reduce the symptoms connected with kleptomania. These medication block parts of the brain that feels urges to steal and delight when stealing (Kleptomania, 2009). Each of the previous listed medicines are possible remedies for kleptomania, but shouldn’t be used alone.

Grant and Kim conducted a study to check this theory. They found that 60% of the persons in their study attempted to get help at some time in their lifestyle for kleptomania. Since kleptomania is complicated to diagnose, physicians recommended anxiety and depression medicines to take care of the symptoms that these individuals demonstrated. Of the medications prescribed, no person felt a decrease in their kleptomania urges and symptoms. This research supports the previous claim, stating that medicine alone isn’t proven to lessen the symptoms of

kleptomania (Grant & Kim, 2002).

Therapy should be used in accompaniment of medication to relieve symptoms associated with kleptomania. The direction of therapy for kleptomania commonly revolves around impulse control and accompanying mental disorders. However, there exists a discrepancy between which therapies are used most frequently and which are most beneficial. Therapies typically implemented are cognitive behavioral remedy and psychoanalytic therapies such as covert sensitization, aversion remedy, and systematic desensitization. Regarding to a report by Antonuccio, Burn, and Danton, cognitive-behavioral interventions are the most plausible and productive treatment for kleptomania and also have the least number of unwanted effects (Antonuccio, Burns, & Danton, 2002). The Mayo Clinic concurs mentioning that cognitive behavioral therapy has shown much accomplishment in relieving the symptoms linked to kleptomania. In addition, they talk about that cognitive behavioral remedy helps people with kleptomania identify unhealthy negative thoughts and behaviors and change them with healthy positive associations (Kleptomania, 2009).

According to another research executed by Dannon, he states that cognitive-behavioral therapy has typically replaced psychoanalytic and powerful approaches (Dannon, 2002). He discovered that covert sensitization, aversion remedy, and systematic desensitization have got proven beneficial for individuals with kleptomania. Covert sensitization encourages the individual to picture themselves stealing and then being trapped stealing. Aversion remedy encourages the individuals to engage in painful techniques to exchange their urges of stealing. Systematic desensitization promotes relaxation techniques to control the urge to steal (Kleptomania, 2009).

Aside from pharmacological, cognitive-behavioral, and psychoanalytic treatments, the Mayo Clinic gives further coping and support strategies. Individuals with kleptomania have to educate themselves on the factors, treatment, and triggers of kleptomania and stick to their treatment solution. The more specific they are in pursuing their medication guidelines and going to their therapeutic sessions, the better off they’ll be at fighting this disorder. They want to determine their triggers and find appropriate ways to manage their urges. People with kleptomania could benefit from relaxation and stress administration techniques. Meditation and yoga could help them focus their strength in a positive way. Ultimately, they need to stay focused on their goal (Kleptomania, 2009). Kleptomania is a significant disorder and with it comes many drawbacks. If everything else fails, there are support groups predicated on twelve-step programs. Being portion of an organization and understand "You are not alone" has been confirmed to benefit many individuals with mental disorders (Kleptomania, 2009).

Similar to numerous impulse-control disorders, it is not uncommon for folks with kleptomania to relapse. It is crucial that individuals carefully follow their treatment strategies. If they think triggers and urges to steal, they have to contact their mental overall health provider, an established support group, or if on probation, let their probation officer know (Kleptomania, 2009).

The prognosis for kleptomania can be fair. The very best preventative measure is normally correcting acts of

stealing in childhood. When parents first recognize their child is stealing, they should discuss and make clear why stealing is incorrect. As children begin to understand why stealing is incorrect, they must be taught ownership and appropriate ways of getting things without spending them. By modeling suitable behaviors and praising kids for his or her honest behavior, stealing could be corrected before it turns into mind-boggling and unmanageable (Zolten & Long, 2006).

Research has discovered that amongst shoplifters, those who experience constant, universal emotions of embarrassment and guilt are more likely to continue stealing. Individuals who experience situation-specific feelings of humiliation will discontinue their behaviors associated with stealing (Kohn, 2006).

Early detection and treatment are the best defenses to help symptoms of kleptomania become manageable (Kleptomania, 2009). If left untreated, kleptomania can lead to relentless psychological, legal, and monetary challenges (Kleptomania, 2009). Individuals may live in frequent guilt and humiliation. Due to this disorder, people can experience arrest, imprisonment, depression, alcohol and substance abuse, eating disorders, nervousness, compulsive gambling or shopping, suicidal ideations, and cultural isolation. The Mayo Clinic shows that, "A wholesome upbringing, positive romantic relationships, and a manageable approach to handle acute stress may reduced the prevalence of kleptomania and coexisting disorders" (Kleptomania, 2009).

Kleptomania has been around for nearly two decades, but still little is known about the causes, medical diagnosis, and treatment of such a severe mental disorder. For years many clinicians assume that the starting point of kleptomania was generally due to a family group history, the existence of other psychological disorder or unmanageable life stressors. Clinicians constantly used a broadly respectable diagnostic program, the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID), to recognize symptoms related to kleptomania. Once they were able to recognize involved symptoms, they perpetually prescribe medication to lessen and relieve the symptoms.

With the advancements in technology and vast psychological studies, the complexities, diagnosis, and treatment of kleptomania have already been questioned. A change in exploration has drifted away from the traditional genetic features and directed their focus on head injuries and mind pathological as being possible causing of kleptomania. Experts Grant, Kim, and

McCabe opened doors to a far more effective and successful diagnostic software doubting the dependability and practicality of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Study after research, found the fewer side effects and the considerably more manageable approach connected with cognitive behavioral remedy has bring about greater victory in treating symptoms linked to kleptomania. The point being, more research and further investigation in to the etiology, biology, diagnostic actions and treatment can be warranted. Hopefully in the a long time, kleptomania will no longer be known as the unexplainable disorder, but rather one which has answers.

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Cemex Is A Global Construction Solution Marketing Essay

Cemex Is A WORLDWIDE Construction Solution Marketing Essay

CEMEX is a global construction-solution organization that provides product a consistently top quality and reliable program to customer. CEMEX is advance in the well-getting of how they provide via their relentless concentrate on continuous improvement and the effort of promoting sustainable potential.

The firm was founded in 1906 at Mexico, and now they have become the world’s major building material company. It operates in a lot more than 50 countries and provides 60,000 employees worldwide. CEMEX takeover RMC in 2005 where their procedure starts from extracting recycleables to create cement, distribute and marketplaces cement to consumer over 50 countries which they also uphold business human relationships with an increase of than 100 nations.

Using vertical integration approach, assess the influence of the approach adopted by CEMEX’s organization functions towards its growth.

Vertical integration

“Vertical integration is the extent to which a business owns the network which it is a part. At a strategic level it entails an organization assessing the wisdom of acquiring suppliers and client.” (Slack N et al, 2002) It is where a business decides whether to generate a particular component or to perform a particular service itself, or additionally acquire it in from a provider based on the average person product or services this means to the operation. Moreover, “it could have a significant impact on a business unit’s situation in its industry regarding cost, differentiation apa format lab report, and other strategic concerns, the vertical scope of the organization is an important concern in corporate strategy”. (Anonymous, 2010)

To be the virtually all recommended and efficient building materials company worldwide, CEMEX must ensure they have a good financial performance for the business enterprise. Thus, they began to pursue its aggressive growth technique trough vertical integration strategy, which can be defined in terms of:

Direction of Vertical Integration

CEMEX adopted both onward and backward integration. For example, in the tertiary sector where CEMEX apply the ahead integration that expand on the demand area by distributing its natural material and finished merchandise to customers for development of structures, bridges and transfer links; where they put their buyer first.

“Their Construrama distributor network has grown into the most significant construction materials chain in Latin America, where it offers their customer uniform merchandise quality, reliable client provider, and ease”. (Charles nd) Therefore, providing services to business and customers will “brings the organization closer to its markets and allows more flexibility for it to make contact directly with its customers”. (Slack N et al, 2002)

CEMEX’s backward integration is seen in the principal activity which involves extracting recycleables from land and ocean. Where it expands its approach on the supply part of the network that “allowing the organization to take control of its suppliers, often to gain cost advantage preventing competitors gaining control of crucial suppliers” (Slack N et al, 2002)

Extent of Vertical Integration

Not all organization chooses to integrate a long way away from their original part of network. However based on the case study, some large organization like CEMEX is quite vertically integrated. For instance, CEMEX is associated with extraction, processing and use of raw material from the planet earth in addition to manufacture finished merchandise and construction activities. In addition, it operates to distribute and its own goods and offer service to business and consumers, e.g. retail, financing and transport. This has made their path fully operate from raw materials before end network of method, which is all owned by CEMEX.

Balance among Stages

CEMEX have a complete balanced network relationship, which one stage produce for the next level in the network is totally satisfied certain requirements. It has full balanced networks which include the virtue of simplicity and it allows every stage to focus on the requirement for another stage. For example, extracting process of raw material has to participate in the government’s Regional Nutrients Plan, where quantity needed is specified to make sure a fair balance in the united states. On top of that, “dredged aggregates are essential for the future development and will help to replenish Britain’s seashores and guard the coastline from erosion.” (Anonymous, 2009)

Perceived Benefits of Vertical Integration

Diagram 1: Positive aspects perceived by CEMEX (Self-made, 2010)

Secure Dependable Delivery

Fundamental reason for CEMEX to obtained RMC through backwards integration, because “RMC’S strong posture in cement, aggregates and ready-mixed concrete will increase CEMEX existing procedure in these areas and, coupled with their global presence in cement products, enhance their leading position in the global building-materials market”. (Markley, 2004) Moreover, it can help CEMEX to create options in new marketplaces for cement merchandise; which in addition, it provides additional geographic income diversity and strengthen industry position in developed marketplaces.

Engaging an activity in-house is preferable to outsource, because it helps secure dependable delivery of input resources. For example, CEMEX involved in extracting raw material, is to make sure to have long-term source rather than having an insufficient supply market which cannot satisfy the organization.

Reduce Cost

The acquiring of RMC by CEMEX, help the organization to reduce cost via less expense is needed to acquire raw material from provider because they can extract the raw materials by themselves. For instance, if CEMEX did not takeover RMC and RMC raise the price according to the market price, thus CEMEX have to pay more for the raw material they need. When CEMEX takeover RMC, it can control the pricing for the material, so the bargaining for the supplier is low and allowing for CEMEX to have significantly more capital to place on their Research and Development.

Improve Product and Program Quality

Moreover, it helps them to protected their expert and technological advantage to prevent the competitors obtaining the understanding of product and service. Moreover, they have total authority over the product quality control in the development process of making cement which will keep their product top quality to be consistent. So, it helps the organization to provide better product and program to buyers which will lead to increase of market show.

Disadvantages of Vertical Integration

Diagram 2: Disadvantages faced by CEMEX (Self-made, 2010)

Loss of Volume Flexibility

Heavily integrated corporation like CEMEX extract natural material themselves to make cements, signifies that it has a large proportion of their price are fixed expense. When CEMEX seriously invested to possess a in-house operation that they can perform everything themselves, CEMEX will loss of volume flexibility. This means, when they have a higher level of fixed cost, any reduction in produce of merchandise or activity can certainly cause the business operation’s economics either near or below the break-even point. Thus, if CEMEX cannot keep up with the volume produce it’ll impact the profitability and protection cost of the operation.

Distract from Core Business

CEMEX will become distracted from their key business which is furnish cement, ready-mix merchandise and aggregates to client. However, after they acquired RMC they tend to focus even more on extracting the recycleables such as for example gravel and sand. Therefore, it has a tendency that will cause them to distract from concentrating of provide cement considerably more towards the extracting method. Additionally, when they are distracted from main business it will also impact profitability of the organization’s sales revenue.

Lack of Innovation

CEMEX has vertically integrated, means they have invested in the processes and systems that is needed to produce its product. Therefore, this may lead CEMEX’s industry to a inclination to lag of adoption of innovative technologies from competitors. Even so, “there is a considerable body of evidence to suggest that clients and suppliers are a major source of innovation”. (Slack et al, 2010) As a result, when CEMEX acquired their supplier it helps prevent them to have new information on new innovation of technology.

Critically assess CEMEX’s area decision, which give a stability between its competitiveness in building materials industry against its dedication towards environmental, legal and sociable concerns.

To run a successful, competitive corporation that collaborates with issues like environmental, legal and cultural concern to create a positive impact to the world. Group like CEMEX UK should have taken these issues really because it will affect the corporations course towards what they want to achieve. These elements will be even more discussed below.

For example, in the principal activities where CEMEX chooses to extract raw materials from land and sea; its plans will need to have a proper approach to extract, restore and after-care and attention of sites. While, the extracting of sand and gravel web form sea bed by dredging; dredged aggregates are vital for future years development. Hence, CEMEX UK really helps to replenish Britain’s beaches and shield the coastline from erosion.


CEMEX as a setting up material industry not merely satisfied the essential wants of shelter and infrastructure, CEMEX also crafted its global environmental strategy where is allows them to manage their impacts biodiversity round the sites; its help the business to become more competitive among the rivals.

Due to these environmental aspect, CEMEX need to select a location which is near the raw material and ensure that it will not close to the urban area where it will affect

the environment of the town. Thus, the majority of its ready-mixed concrete vegetation are located near quarries to ensure fast supply to save lots of time and expense. CEMEX is committed to use the rail to transport their material so that you can lessen the emission review the journey by highway. Despite global recessionary conditions, CEMEX likewise have made a concerted effort to maintain their environmental expenditure and there know about the decision of location which has an impact on the neighborhood environment. This could be seen in the table 1 below:

Sustainable approach adopted by CEMEX

Effect from action

Committed to make use of rail to move aggregates compare to road

Produce 5 instances lesser of carbon emissions

Uses water transportation via sea, rivers, conveyors & underground pipelines.

Help minimize carbon footprint

Committed to the utilization of alternative fuels such as for example chipped tyres and cured household waste to heat the kilns.

Helps to reduce emissions of CO2.

Table 1: Sustainable method of environmental problems by CEMEX (Self-made, 2010)

Hence, by adopting and having in charge on the impacts that will affect the local environment, in ’09 2009″the amount of key environmental incidents dropped by 68%”. (CEMEX, 2009) so, this would make CEMEX to be more competitive in business since it has commitment towards the surroundings.


Legal factor is related to the legal environment in which an organization operates in a nation. Different region has their private legal concern factors, thus it will affect CEMEX’s location decision to use their business in a specific country. For instance, UK government regulates the marine dredging to minimize the impact on environment. Thus, CEMEX have a choice of certainly not operate in UK but, CEMEX choose operates in UK, so they possess help replenish Britain’s seashores and safeguard the coastline from erosion in order to comply with the rule of UK government.

Moreover, CEMEX UK locates its plants near to where the recycleables will be, as CEMEX located its nationwide supply network more than 500 location. CEMEX aim to locate quarrying and production felicities in most appropriate location not merely to meet the market needs. It also complied with the united kingdom Government’s objective to reduce the trucks applied to road wherever possible to reduce the carbon emission. Consequently, CEMEX UK committed this by using ocean, rivers, conveyers and underground pipelines to move their products.


Social concern for the community is taken critically by CEMEX. Whatever operation blog CEMEX does will have an effect on the community around them. A cement firm like CEMEX it should locate its industry which is less population, so that it can minimize the affect of environmental pollution that will directly affect human’s overall health. Hence, CEMEX need to consider every factor that may have an impact on the health’s of the city before it locates its vegetation.

For case in point, CEMEX should locates its vegetation near to it raw material and ensure the place it less in inhabitants; therefore the people around the town will not be influenced by the sound pollution and air pollution due to the industry. Additionally, CEMEX also committed to use of choice fuels from chipped tyres. This will advantage CEMEX by having a low cost energy efficient gasoline and reduce emission; as well as benefiting the city by less waste which will goes to landfill, provide a safe method of disposing household waste materials and save fossil fuels for near future generation.

Compare and contrast the effectiveness of CEMEX’s sustainable method of operating its organization against an electronic product manufacturing market of your decision.

Samsung Vs CEMEX Vertical Integration

Samsung is an electronic group which creates innovative products and cutting-edge technology for people to see it worldwide. Samsung has got vertically integrated its operation that includes parts and finished merchandise. “Eight years after beginning procedure in Mexico, the Samsung Group inaugurated Samsung Tijuana Park, a vertically integrated development site that symbolizes total investments for US$ 200 million”. (Anonymous, 1996) Therefore, Samsung has adopted a backwards vertical integration making them not the same as CEMEX as CEMEX used both onward and backward integration. The comparison of Samsung’s and CEMEX’s vertical integration can be seen in Table below:

Integration Strategy



Direction of Vertical Integration

Only adopted backwards integration

Adopted both ahead and backward integration

Extent of Vertical Integration

Produce its own component and finished goods of electronic goods

Extract its raw materials for cement making procedure and ready-mix cement product.

Hence, the similarity of both agencies can be that they deliberately decide to integrate backwards to the degree of involving themselves in the processing, producing and manufacturing their individual product.

Balance among Stages

They don’t have a balance of built-in technique, because they focus even more on backwards integration.

They have a harmony of integrated approach of backward and forward integration

Table 1: Compare the potency of Samsung and CEMEX. (Self-made, 2010)

Both Samsung and CEMEX include different sustainable way to operate its organization. As Samsung is an electronic product manufacture market, whereas CEMEX can be cement merchandise manufacture industry. As a result, they approach business in a different way but both also make an effort to adhere to few issues below to minimize the negative effect toward both business and the world.


Samsung and CEMEX make sure that throughout their manufacturing process it will decrease the impacts towards environment. Table 1 below will illustrate how both companies possesses approached and complied with the environmental issues.





Global Green Management System

Complied with safety regulation

Control internal maintenance standards

Committed to apply rail to move aggregates compare to road

Produce 5 situations lesser of carbon emissions

Product Stewardship throughout the lifecycle

Ensure product are safe and much less burden to environment

E.g.: use and disposal of product

Uses water transfer via sea, rivers, conveyors & underground pipelines.

Help minimize carbon footprint

Clean and Green Procedure – utilize optimal eco-friendly production technologies

Helps minimize the consumption of energy and natural recourses

Reduce greenhouse gas emission

Committed to the application of alternative fuels such as for example chipped tyres and treated household waste to heating the kilns.

Helps to lessen emissions of CO2.

Table 1: (Self-made, 2010)

Information Source: http://www.samsung.com/us/aboutsamsung/sustainability/environment/environment.html

Legal persuasive essays examples

Different country has their very own legal concern factors, consequently it’ll affect an organization’s area decision to operate their business in a particular country. Even so, Samsung and CEMEX both comply with the rules that is needed to follow in a different way as a way to kept businesses to come to be sustainable enough to contend with competitors. The table 1 below shows how both organizations comply with the rules in different ways.



Compete reasonably, abiding by fair-trade regulation according to international benchmarks and national laws.

CEMEX in UK really helps to replenish Britain’s seashores and protect the coastline from erosion to comply with the UK government rules.

Organization will not permit the acceptance of money, products, entertainment or share supplies from external celebrations concerned to violate good trade.

Complied with UK Government’s objective to lessen the trucks used on road to reduce carbon emission

Table 1: different method of how Samsung and CEMEX complied to legal issues.

Information Source: http://www.samsungsmd.com/CyberAudit/eng/conduct02.html


Most organization will significantly have concern on interpersonal to bring maximum benefit to the community. Therefore, CEMEX have adopted other ways such as for example lowering the produce of harmful to minimize the influence towards human’s health by the use of sea transport rather than truck which will produceC02. CEMEX likewise benefit the city by lessens the wastes to landfill, which give a safe method of disposing household waste.

Diagram 3: Social problems concern by Samsung


In contrast, based on diagram above Samsung 3 priority is to aid the young students by supporting them to have hoped for education such as motive them to become listed on essay contest about digital technology’s impression. Samsung also help children from low-income families giving “Youth Education course Sponsorship” and funding to help young technology in countries like Kenya, Egypt and Republic of South Africa. Moreover, they enhance healthy families such as for example having Anti-obesity program in partnership with European Olympic committees.


As a bottom line, CEMEX is usually a vertically included in both ahead and backward integration. Consequently, being vertically integrated quite often might bring an edge but also disadvantage towards the organization; which based about how they approaches it. Additionally, to be sustainable plenty of in such competitive business community, organization should not just being vertically integrated they should also have a significant concern on environmental concerns, legal and social issues before locating the industry. This can be seen in Samsung and CEMEX where they have got the concern for conditions that will affect the business and community. Therefore, if these concerns are taken seriously it has a win-win problem for both firm and the city.References

Online Resources

Markley R, 2004, “Cemex to obtain for $5.8 Billion”, online, retrieved 1st August 2010, from http://rockproducts.com/mag/rock_cemex_acquire_rmc/

QuickMBA, 2010, “strategic Supervision: Vertical Integration”, online, retrieved 28th July 2010, from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/vertical-integration/

Samsung, 1996, “Samsung: Hottest News – Samsung Opens Integrated Plant in Tijuana”, online 10th August from http://www.samsung.com/us/news/newsRead.do?news_seq=18&page=1

Tatum M., 2010, “Wise Geek: What is Vertical Integration”, online, retrieved 28th July 2010, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-vertical-integration.htm

Thetimes100, 2010, “THE DAYS 100: Sectors of Industry”, online, retrieved 30th July 2010, from http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/downloads/cemex/cemex_14_full.pdf


Slack N. and Lewis M., 2002, “Operation Approach: Supply Network Marriage – Vertical Integration”, Gosport, Prentice-Hall, pg. 187

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